This project is generously supported by the National Science Foundation (SMA-1539228) and the National Institutes of Health (R21 AG056912 and R01 AG057704).

Pilot work on this project was generously supported by the University of Michigan's Department of Economics Michigan Institute for Teaching and Research in Economics (MITRE) grant, Population Studies Center Small Grant (R24 HD041028), and the Michigan Center for the Demography of Aging (MiCDA) grant (P30 AG012846-21).

We gratefully acknowledge the use of the services and facilities of the Population Studies Center at the University of Michigan (R24 HD041028 and P2C HD041028).